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[秀努力] 雅思换题前提分攻略分享

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发表于 2018-7-27 21:19 | 只看该作者 回帖奖励 |倒序浏览 |阅读模式

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  资深烤鸭们都知道,每年1、5、9月为雅思换题月,而8月份考位的爆满也看出了大家对9月换题支配的恐惧。
  如何抓住口语换题前的小尾巴,实现雅思华丽的提分,避免落地成盒?这也成为考生们最关注的问题。
  那么,换题前的口语话题如何充分准备?下面北京新东方雅思口语周舟老师,在这里浅析一些话题供大家参考。
  攒钱
  Save money
  Have you ever saved money for something?
  Do you save money now?
  How do you save money?
  Do you think saving money is very important?
  Do you think parents should teach children to save money?
  Do parents give children pocket money in China?
  回答第一问时, 重点必然不在于something,不论你攒钱买的是iPhone, iPad, 还是娃娃,都不是考官所关心的。而关键在于回答的时态,是学生们往往忽略掉的。比如问你曾经是否攒钱买过东西?买这个东西本身应该是过去时,那么请问“我前年攒了一年的钱,然后我去年买了个包”这个攒钱的过程应该是什么时态?
  没错,过去完成时的使用也是很多学生在瞬间很难反应出来的。
  you should say: “ Yes, of course. i remember that i had saved my pocket money for ages, then i bought it last years ....”
  对于第二个问题是否喜欢攒钱,我们也完全可以说一些 (white lies) because you don’t have to tell the truth, 不必说“我从来不攒钱,because i am very very rich, hahahahaha....” 其实这一问的核心在于How? 我们应该尽量从这个角度出发去展开,但请大家的理由应该务必合理,之前就有学生编出“从来不吃饭,为了攒钱,走路不坐公交车,为了攒钱,即使坐公交车也投假币,为了攒钱。”
  其实理由很多甚至完全可以延伸到自己擅长的领域,比如擅长cooking的话题,可以说“i'd like to save money by cooking at home and eating food at home instead of eating out...”
  地图
  Map
  Do you often use map?
  Who taught you how to use a map?
  Do you prefer electronic maps or paper maps?
  对于地图这个话题,其实在几年前就已经出现在雅思口语考试中了,建议大家纸质和电子地图的优点都准备一些,以防万一。
  被考官问道“why do many people in China like to use another one?”对于这个话题可以说的点非常多,不要仅仅给出一个评价性的词汇“useful or convenient”,如电子地图的实时性“being updated all the time”和导航出最优路线“preferred route”。至于纸质地图大家也尽量回到生活中brainstorming一下,在旅游中手机low battery,no signal的时候是不是我们全靠纸质地图。
  除此之外,让我更怀念曾经在留学期间旅游时,手机还没那么发达,Google map也没那么普遍,往往是一个人开车一个人看地图,难免会make mistakes,按理说这本应该是个缺点,但每一次的走错都会发现一个意外的地方,一场意外的惊喜(a serendipitous discovery)。
  词典
  dictionary
  Do you ofen use a dictionary?
  Do you prefer to use an electronic dictionary or a dictionary made of paper?
  If someone gave you a dictionary as a gift,how would you feel?
  Do you think it would be interesting to write a dictionary?
  Do you think it would be interesting to be part of a team that is writing a dictionary?
  What kind of person do you think writes a dictionary?
  词典话题的答题思路和地图有很多相似点,比如纸质词典和电子词典的比较,同样我们不要用套路式的一句电子词典非常convenient,i use it every day.来草草了事,尽量可以展开和细化使用的过程。
  比如“when i come across a word that i can't figure out,all i need to do is just click on the app,and type in the word i wish to look up…”
  另外关于编写词典的人的问题,最好的参考资料就是我们雅思剑桥真题中那篇阅读文章《Johnson's dictionary》。
  睡觉
  Sleep
  How many hours a day do you sleep?
  Do you often go to sleep quite late?
  Did you often go to bed very late when you were a child?
  Do you think sleeping is important?
  当很多同学听到睡觉这个话题时感觉除了时间以外没什么说的, 首先考官不是您的太医,不想知道到底几个小时,也不需要把什么insomnia这种疾病词汇往上招呼,更重要的是积累一些与睡眠相关的口语表达 “stay up so late, stay overnight” 并且适当扩充熬夜的原因,不要来不来就“我每天都熬夜学习,而且学的还是雅思...” 这么正能量的答案也不一定就能打动考官。
  每天躺在床上我们有时可能会来回翻滚,应该叫辗转反侧 toss and turn for quite a while, 或者听一些 light music 或者敷一个面膜(mask)来帮助睡眠,这都是很好的答案和思路。
  无聊
  Being bored
  What will you do when you feel bored?
  When you were young,What would you do if you felt bored?
  What kinds of things are boring to you?
  Do you think young people get bored easily?
  可能是因为咱们大陆的考生之前太喜欢回答“i don't like my subject,music,film,sport…because they are通通boring”,今年特意来了一个Being bored的话题给大家。
  首先注意less common words的替换,如“rather dull,monotonous,mind -numbing TV shows”都体现词汇的多样性。并且对于“what would you do if you felt bored”我们也可以尽量转化到自己擅长的领域来回答,比如“i find shopping very therapeutic”“when i am getting bored,there is nothing like karaoke therapy”,还有包括“i prefer to have a more relaxing time on the…”
  明星
  Celebrity
  Who is your favourite celebrity in China?
  Would you like to be a celebrity in the future?
  In general, how do people become famous?
  Do you think, to be famous, a person needs to have some special talent or ability?
  Do you think we should protect famous people’s privacy?
  其实对于明星类的话题,同学们应该相对来说不是很陌生了。
  不论明星的优点还是缺点,都尽量去解释细节化的原因,比如“想当明星因为他们rich, 那就要继续解释rich的原因可能是因为做了很多代言广告endorsement….”
  反之,我们也尽量结合更多平时听到看到的真实的点来答,切忌不要现场瞎编,这种主动去思考观点的能力一直就是咱们学生的弱项,比如当明星的缺点,十个人有九个都会说no privacy, 然后就没有然后了,我们应该尽量去呈现“privacy”里面和背后的东西。比如明星经常被各种事吐槽being criticised all the time, 长得好看被骂整容cosmetic surgery, 衣冠不整being worst dressed 也会被抓拍。
  手表
  Watch
  How often do you wear a watch?
  What was your first watch like?
  What kinds of watches do you like to wear?
  Do people still wear watches in your country?
  找一款能买的起的还好读的Apple watch, 而且功能多样it has various uses, it functions as a phone so you can make call and txt people。
  最厉害的是还可以在健身房fitness suite里测身体耗能情况 “when i do cardio exercises, i can use it to keep track of how many calories i burn and how many steps i run”。
  运动
  Sports
  Do you play any sport?
  Do you like to watch sports on TV?
  Do you have a favourite sports star?
  What kinds of sports are popular in your country?
  What kinds of sports would you like to try in the future?
  运动类的话题已经是老生常谈了,在回答的时候我们可以从多个层次来说。
  第一是运动的种类,如team sport, individual sport, water sport, X-sport, 虽然最后一种在国内不是非常的火,但是爱看Youtube的小伙伴们一定知道,国外很多极限运动爱好者an adrenalin junky(其中的adrenalin是肾上腺素的意思,在这里这个表达是一个习语,形容喜欢刺激活动的人)。
  第二是运动对身体的外在的好处,细化来说比如塑形keep fit, 减掉小肚子lose my flabby belly, 练肌肉builds up muscles。
  第三是运动对身体内在的好处,如加快新陈代谢speed up metabolism, 增强免疫力improves immune system 等。
  课余时间
  Spare time
  What do you usually do in your spare time?
  Do you like to spend time with your family or friends?
  What do you and your family like to do in free time?
  这种话题属于开放性问题,没有太强的限定性,自由度很高,大家注意保持串联,比如和音乐类、运动类、购物类话题都可以串联。
  外国食品
  Food/Foreign Food
  Have you ever tried foreign food?
  Do you like to try new food?
  What kinds of new food have you tried recently?
  What kinds of foreign food are popular in your country?
  Do you think old people like foreign food? Why?
  既然要出国,除了学语言,相应的文化尤其是饮食文化我们还是需要知道一些的,你可以不爱吃但是不能不懂。
  很多人都钟爱意大利面(不是Italian noodle),但不知道有没有注意它的不同口味:
  意大利肉酱面 Spaghetti Bolognese
  千层面Lasagna Bolognese
  奶油培根意面Spaghetti carbonara
  西班牙海鲜饭Paella
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